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Chronic Pain & Fish Odor Syndrom

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DenpaNews Pain is associated with injury and disease, especially usually with musculoskeletal disorders . If the pain continues to appear in daily routines, work productivity, and relationships with family can be disrupted. To know the best way to deal with it, you need to understand this condition more deeply through the following review.

What is chronic pain?

Chronic pain is a condition that causes tissue damage that can last for months to years. This condition is a symptom of many diseases, but is often complained of by patients with osteoarthritis , rheumatoid arthritis , tendinitis and carpel tunnel syndrome.

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Chronic pain is different from acute pain, which is a sensation that lasts for a short period of time and sometimes makes a person aware of an injury.

Your nervous system receives constant aches and pains signals from the body for months and even years. Sometimes, the pain interferes with daily activities, causing the quality of life to deteriorate.

Not only physical, this condition also affects mental health because the brain and body are interrelated with each other. People with this condition very commonly experience insomnia because the symptoms interfere with sleep or are isolated from being unable to keep up with certain activities.

This can make sufferers feel stressed , depressed, depressed, and experience anxiety. Therefore, the treatment undertaken does not only focus on dealing with pain, but also counseling and psychological treatment.

How common is this condition?

Chronic pain is a common health problem, considering that many adults also have musculoskeletal disorders. Anyone can experience this condition, but several factors make a person more susceptible to it, for example in the elderly.

Signs and symptoms of chronic pain

The typical symptom of this condition is the duration of the condition is more than 12 weeks or 3 months. In addition, the pain is described as follows.

The pain varies, from mild to severe.
Followed by a burning sensation in certain areas of the body.
Causes discomfort, stiffness that interferes with the body’s range of motion, and increases sensitivity in the surrounding area.

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Some people may experience other symptoms depending on the underlying health problem.

Causes of chronic pain

There are many causes pain .

Indeed, pain will naturally appear with age. This is because as you get older, your body’s cells start to break down. Often this damage occurs first to the bones and joints.

In addition to age, chronic pain can also arise as a result of an unhealthy lifestyle. These include poor posture, frequently lifting heavy weights, being overweight , or having an injury from over-exertion.

Health problems can also be a cause of chronic pain, for example, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and fibromyalgia . Long-term pain may also be the result of cancer or multiple sclerosis.

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Risk factors for chronic pain

This condition can be experienced by anyone. However, it is more likely to occur in people with the following risk factors.

  • Old age.
  • Have bad habits, such as smoking
  • High-risk work such as poor posture when lifting weights while working
  • Obesity
  • Psychological factors such as stress, mood disorders

Have problems with bones, joints, or internal organs, for example arthritis.

Diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

There are many underlying causes for chronic pain. In order for the doctor to determine the diagnosis of the disease that causes it, medical tests need to be carried out by the patient.

Medical tests that can help doctors diagnose chronic pain and determine appropriate treatment include:

What are the treatment options for chronic pain?

There are various ways to relieve chronic pain, depending on the underlying health problem. Overall the following ways can help.

  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers , such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or paracetamol.
  • Steroid injection therapy is given periodically for a certain period of time.
  • If it doesn’t work, the doctor will give you stronger painkillers, such as opioids. This drug will be prescribed if the pain is very severe and other drugs are not effective enough to overcome the symptoms. The administration needs to be considered considering the side effects are quite fatal.
  • Physical and occupational therapy such as massage treatments, hot and cold therapy, acupuncture , acupressure, or physical exercise to reduce stiffness, weakness, and muscle wasting.
  • Local electrical stimulation that applies short electrical pulses to nerve endings under the skin to relieve pain
  • Emotional and psychological support for pain, which may include the use of antidepressants , counseling with a psychologist, psychotherapy, relaxation exercises, meditation, and other therapies that can improve mental health.
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Fish Odor Syndrome, Fishy Body Odor Due to Rare Disease

When you process fish or other seafood, it’s natural to smell fishy. But in certain cases, some people actually emit a fishy smell from their bodies. This condition is known as fish odor syndrome. Curious as to what this health problem is? Come on, see the following review!

What is fish odor syndrome?

Fish odor syndrome is a rare disease that causes a person’s sweat, urine and breath to smell of rotten fish.

The smell of sweat is a natural thing that arises due to the presence of bacteria on the surface of the skin. The more bacteria there are on the skin, the more bad your sweat can be.

However, this is different from fishy-smelling body syndrome, not only sweat smells like fish, urine and mouth also smells like rotten fish. Well, the medical term for this disease is trimethylaminuria .

Signs and symptoms of fish odor syndrome

Symptoms caused by this syndrome is the appearance of a bad odor from the sufferer. This unpleasant odor arises in sweat, urine, saliva, and vaginal fluids.

Please note that sometimes some people also emit a very strong and unpleasant body odor. This will vary depending on the conditions.

However, in patients with this rare syndrome, the odor that appears will persist and does not depend on the condition. In some cases, this health problem is experienced by children. This happens only in a matter of time and will disappear in a matter of months or years.

Causes of fish odor syndrome

The smell of rotten fish arises because the sufferer’s body cannot change the chemical substance of trimethylamine. Well, when the body fails to break down and change these chemicals, trimethylamine will continue to accumulate and affect the smell of sweat, urine, and breath of sufferers.

In normal people, the bacteria in the intestines help us to digest foods such as eggs , nuts, and other foods. Then the result of the digestion process is the chemical trimethylamine.

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Healthy people will automatically secrete an enzyme that is responsible for breaking down these chemicals and does not cause trimethylamine substances to accumulate in the body.

This does not apply to people with fish odor syndrome. They actually can not produce the enzyme. This results in trimethylamine being produced continuously by the body without being broken down by enzymes. The more trimethylamine in the body, the worse a person’s body odor .

The inability to produce the enzyme responsible for metabolizing trimethylamine is caused by a mutation in the FMO3 gene that is possessed by patients with fish odor syndrome.

Usually, the mutated gene is passed down by the parents of sufferers who also have the same syndrome. One of the parents – father or mother – may be a carrier of this gene which is then passed on to their child.

A person who has a gene carrying the mutated FMO3 gene more often does not cause any symptoms or does not suffer from fish odor syndrome as well, even if they have the syndrome the duration is not too long.

Fish odor syndrome risk factors

Not all people with this rare syndrome have the mutated gene. Some cases could be due to excess protein intake or an increase in the number of gut bacteria that produce trimethylamine in the body.

In some cases, people with liver and kidney disease are also at risk for fish odor syndrome. This can happen because the FMO3 enzyme that is owned is less active and allows them to not be able to metabolize trimethylamine.

In addition, women are more likely to suffer from this syndrome than men. The reason is that the female sex hormones, progesterone and estrogen, can make symptoms worse. Some conditions can even worsen the odor caused as below.

  • Puberty in girls
  • Before and after menstruation
  • After taking birth control pills
  • Approaching menopause
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