DenpaNews Lack of nutritious intake and not enough rest due to busy daily activities can affect the body’s resistance. If immunity decreases , the body is more at risk of disease. To keep your immune system strong, you can regularly consume some herbal ingredients. What are the types?
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The following are some herbal plants that can strengthen the immune system.
has long been Ginseng known as an herbal plant that is useful for maintaining immunity. This plant contains a variety of active compounds that can provide a recovery effect for the body.
A study published in the journal Journal of Ginseng Research (2021) found that there are various important compounds in ginseng that can increase immunity, such as:
- amino acid,
- B vitamins,
- and various minerals.
This study found that these compounds in ginseng were able to increase the number and activity of T cells and B cells in the immune system. T cells are useful for eradicating infections in the body, reducing the immune system’s overreaction to harmless substances (allergic reactions), and strengthening the body from the threat of cancer.
Meanwhile, B cells work by producing antibodies that fight bacteria and viruses. That is, ginseng can help the immune system work against infection.
Ginseng also helps reduce cytokine compounds that trigger body inflammation. So, do not be surprised if ginseng is suitable as an herbal medicine to strengthen the immune system.
Garlic is not only used in cooking but is also useful as an herbal remedy for endurance. Garlic contains compounds that help the immune system fight disease-causing germs, namely alliin . When garlic is crushed or chewed, alliin will turn into allicin .
These compounds have the potential to relieve inflammation in the body, from suppressing cytokine levels to increasing responses to fight viruses and bacteria.
In fighting pathogens, garlic is also able to increase the production of macrophages, namely white blood cells that also play an important role in eradicating disease-causing germs.
In addition, garlic also has the potential to inhibit the release of histamine involved in allergic reactions, thereby reducing the severity of allergy symptoms.
Turmeric contains a compound curcumin ( curcumin) . its distinctive yellow color turmeric , this compound has potential immune-boosting benefits.
Curcumin can increase levels of antibodies, specifically immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M. Both play an important role in fighting bacterial and viral infections.
In addition, turmeric helps activate T cells. That way, the body is not prone to overreaction due to foreign substances that are actually harmless.
Turmeric is also able to reduce cytokine compounds that trigger inflammation in the body. Curcumin can inhibit the growth of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori which causes the digestive tract disease gastritis .
You need to know, gastritis will trigger inflammation so that the protective layer of the digestive tract weakens. If this condition occurs, the digestive tract is susceptible to other bad bacterial infections that further weaken the immune system.
4. Moringa leaves
Moringa leaves are often processed into soup additives or ground into herbal medicinal . These leaves are often used as herbal ingredients for endurance by Indonesians.
The leaves of the Moringa oleifera have the effect of increasing the body’s resistance in several ways.
First, Moringa leaves are able to work directly against harmful viral, bacterial and fungal pathogens. The content of amino acids and flavonoids can reduce the survival of harmful microorganisms in the body.
Second, Moringa leaves are able to reduce the inflammatory response in the body’s immune cells. This effect will potentially reduce the risk of developing diseases due to chronic inflammation, immune disorders, and autoimmune diseases.
Not only that, Moringa leaves also accelerate the production of fibroblast cells so that the wound heals quickly and reduces the risk of infection in the wound.
Meniran is one of the typical Indonesian plants that has been used for health purposes for a long time.
Plants with the scientific name Phyllanthus niruri are rich in plant compounds, such as:
- polyphenols ,
- saponins, and
This compound is able to reduce the release of cytokine compounds that cause inflammation in the body. In addition, meniran has the potential to increase the activity of white blood cells, T cells, and B cells in fighting bacterial and viral pathogens.
The type flavonoid in meniran, namely quercetin, also works to suppress the production of the COX-2 enzyme in the body so that the amount is kept under control.
Excessive production of the COX-2 enzyme can result in impaired immune cell function, such as in autoimmune diseases .
Echinacea has been known as a herbal for endurance for a long time. This plant, known by another name coneflower , is immunostimulant or able to increase the way the immune system works .
Citing research published in the journal Pharmacognosy Review (2015), echinacea works in several ways.
First, echinacea activates the process of phagocytosis, which is when white blood cells called phagocytes “swallow” bacteria, viruses, or foreign substances in the body to prevent infection.
Second , Echinacea stimulates the production of white blood cells that are useful for eradicating bacteria, viruses, and toxins.
Third, this herbal plant helps stimulate the growth of fibroblast cells. These cells can increase the production of collagen and elastin in the skin, thereby accelerating the wound healing process .
How to consume herbal plants for immune system
To get the benefits, you can use garlic or turmeric as a cooking spice or natural food flavoring.
You can also grind turmeric and garlic by adding them to tea or boiling turmeric in water to extract the juice.
In addition, you can take supplements that contain extracts of these herbal ingredients.
Consumption of supplements makes it easier for you to get the benefits of herbal ingredients that are difficult to find in Indonesia, such as ginseng and echinacea.
Make sure you buy herbal supplements that are registered with BPOM. Also follow the directions for use listed on the supplement packaging to avoid unwanted side effects.
Of the many medicinal plants, there are several ingredients with ingredients that have the potential to improve the function of the immune system .
However, most of the research showing the efficacy of herbal ingredients in maintaining the immune system is still being tested on animals.
Further testing is still needed to prove the efficacy of these herbal ingredients in strengthening the immune system.
So, make sure you don’t use these ingredients as a substitute for the main treatment for autoimmune diseases , yes. Always consult a doctor before consuming it.