virus that attacks the respiratory system initially only causes mild symptoms, but in certain cases it can develop serious complications. Here are some of the symptoms caused by the coronavirus, aka COVID-19.
Early symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19)
According to the CDC , the initial symptoms caused by the coronavirus, namely COVID-19, are similar to those of the flu. Starting from fever, dry cough, sore throat, to runny nose.
However, when these mild symptoms are not treated properly, they can lead to serious complications . For example, pneumonia and other severe respiratory infections.
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n addition, experts add that symptoms of infection with the novel coronavirus, especially fever, can appear only 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. These findings are based on the incubation period of MERS-CoV.
The following are some very common early symptoms that indicate someone has the COVID-19 coronavirus, the result same with omicron variant namely:
One of the most common early signs that a person is infected with the coronavirus is fever. In contrast to the symptoms of fever in people who have the common cold, fever in COVID-19 can be seen based on two important factors, such as:
- have a history of traveling from an infected country or city
- ever had contact with a positive patient for COVID-19?
These two factors make the symptoms of fever in the common cold with COVID-19 different.
Meanwhile, the body temperature when someone has a fever can reach 37.2°C. However, when the thermometer shows 38°C it means you have a high fever .prevent too from hit by omicron.
Normally, people who are infected with coronavirus or other types of severe viruses make it difficult for them to carry out certain activities.
This means that this viral infection is not just a common cold, so the symptoms of the pandemic COVID-19 coronavirus fever are not only characterized by an ordinary fever, but also the body feels weak and sick. What’s more, the fever in COVID-19 cannot be brought down with any drugs, especially ibuprofen.
Recently, experts warned that the use of ibuprofen in COVID-19 patients could actually worsen their condition. Therefore, the fever experienced by people infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus is recommended to be treated with paracetamol.
Symptoms of the COVID-19 coronavirus, especially fever, may sound less severe. However, you can’t ignore it. If your body temperature rises to the point where you feel weak and you have a history of traveling and having contact with a positive patient, consult a doctor immediately.
2. Dry cough
Apart from fever, another symptom of the COVID-19 coronavirus is a dry cough. For some people it may be difficult to tell the difference between a dry cough and a cough with phlegm .
Generally, a dry cough does not produce mucus or phlegm. According to Subinoy Das, MD, an ENT specialist in Ohio to Health , compared to a dry cough, coughing up phlegm produces mucus or phlegm in the throat.
This condition occurs when a person coughs and feels mucus moving in the bronchi or throat. The sound produced from a dry cough is different from coughing up phlegm. If you have a dry cough, it will usually leave a tingling feeling in the back of your throat.
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Although it’s not painful, the unpleasant sensation can make you cough loudly as you try to expel the phlegm. As a result, it is not uncommon for this habit to injure the ribs or intercostal muscles.
One thing you need to remember that a dry cough can be a symptom of other diseases, not only the COVID-19 coronavirus. For example, asthma, allergies, bronchitis, to the common cold.
If the cough does not go away even though you have tried to treat it and is accompanied by a fever, please consult a doctor or undergo a COVID-19 test .
3. Shortness of breath
Shortness of breath is another common symptom that can indicate someone has the COVID-19 coronavirus.
Reporting from the American Lung Association , shortness of breath or difficulty breathing has a sensation like not getting enough air or in the medical world known as dyspnea.
Those of you who have difficulty breathing may experience a chest that feels compressed or a feeling of suffocation.
Actually, there are several diseases that have the same symptoms as COVID-19. In most diseases, shortness of breath is caused by conditions of the heart and lungs.
Both of these organs are involved in carrying oxygen to the body and removing carbon dioxide in it. This condition often occurs in several diseases, such as:
- allergic reaction
- heart attack and heart failure
- abnormal heart rate
There are several things you can do to see if you have shortness of breath or not. For example, paying attention to how well you breathe while talking or while sitting or watching TV feel like you are not getting enough air to feel short of breath.
If you feel short of breath and feel this is part of the symptoms of the COVID-19 coronavirus, try to really pay attention to the signs.
The reason is, right now it’s not a good idea to go to the hospital when you’re not in an emergency situation because that’s where you risk getting infected with the virus.
If you’re having trouble breathing but still feel fine, try calling your doctor at home or consulting an online app.
Generally, a person can qualify for a COVID-19 test if they experience other symptoms related to respiratory problems, such as fever, dry cough, and sore throat.
Moreover, when you are in an area where the number of cases of viral infection is quite high or you have had direct contact with positive patients.
Other symptoms of coronavirus COVID-19
The three initial symptoms above can indeed be diagnosed as other diseases, not only the COVID-19 coronavirus. However, you also should not underestimate some of the signs above because when treated properly it will develop quite serious complications.
Some of the symptoms below may occur in only a few people compared to the signs above, but can be categorized as COVID-19:
Reduced sense of smell
Have you ever had a runny nose and runny nose, your sense of smell diminished, aka difficult to detect odors? Recently, reduced ability to sense of smell or anosmia has been touted as one of the symptoms of the COVID-19 coronavirus.
The statement is not so surprising because viral infections are the main cause of loss of the sense of smell, including the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
In addition, this condition also helps doctors to diagnose patients who do not have symptoms related to COVID-19 and unknowingly transmit it to others. Experts from the UK told Harvard Health Publishing that two in three confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Germany had difficulty smelling something.
In addition, the same event occurred in South Korea, where 30% of people who had mild symptoms and were positive for COVID-19 experienced anosmia as the main symptom.
However, the loss of the ability to detect odors may not be a symptom of the COVID-19 coronavirus. There are several other diseases that cause anosmia, such as allergies.
Until now, experts are trying to do research to see what anosmia has to do with COVID-19. This is intended to make it easier for doctors to distinguish the loss of the ability to smell due to COVID-19 from allergies.
In fact, the symptoms of the COVID-19 coronavirus, which are characterized by diarrhea, were initially not so common until research from China debunked the claim.
About a quarter of COVID-19 patients followed the study and indicated that they had mild diarrhea .
Most of these patients end up seeking medical care later than those who develop respiratory symptoms. As a result, they may not realize they have infected someone else because they feel their symptoms are unrelated to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Experts also emphasize that there are many diseases that have similarities to COVID-19 and can trigger digestive disorders. For example, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, or drastically reduced appetite may not come from this new virus.
However, it never hurts to self-quarantine if you have diarrhea. Especially when you are most likely to come into contact with a positive patient for COVID-19.
Coronavirus COVID-19 can be transmitted without symptoms
So, what about people who don’t experience symptoms related to the COVID-19 coronavirus but can still pass it on to other people?
In fact, this condition is precisely what needs to be given full attention because it is one of the reasons why the spread of the virus occurs quickly and a lot.
transmission does not only occur in China, but occurs in most of the infected countries. In fact, this one transmission accounted for about 85% of cases of total infections when the outbreak had just started.
However, this may be due to the incubation period. As a result, those who feel healthy when they have just been infected do not need to self-isolate, so the transmission rate increases rapidly.
Study: Patients can be positive for COVID-19 even though there are no symptoms and pass quarantine
So, just because you don’t have symptoms related to the coronavirus, it doesn’t mean your body is immune to infection with the virus. Moreover, if you have been in direct contact with a positive patient for COVID-19 or are in an area with a high number of infection cases.
In order to suppress the transmission of the virus that can be caused by those who do not show symptoms, physical distancing also needs to be implemented.
When should I see a doctor?
If you experience symptoms of the COVID-19 coronavirus or have been in contact with people who have been diagnosed with this virus, immediately contact the nearest doctor or clinic.
Don’t forget to tell them about the symptoms and possible transmission before going there. Try as much as possible to keep a distance from positive patients or do physical distancing.