Denpa News “To obtain reliable results of ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space, it is necessary to ensure good visibility. Therefore, the body must be prepared for the study. What is this preparation? We will tell you in a new article”.
Ultrasound is a safe type of research that can be carried out for a specific diagnostic purpose, as well as for the purpose of a planned medical examination. But you will have to prepare a little for the examination of the abdominal organs. It is necessary to provide good visibility in order to obtain reliable results. How to prepare for an abdominal ultrasound in order to make the study as comfortable and informative as possible?
What is included in the study
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A standard abdominal ultrasound examination includes:
- gallbladder with ducts
- kidneys and adrenal glands (if ultrasound is performed not only of the abdominal cavity, but also of the retroperitoneal space).
Often, patients incorrectly expect information from abdominal ultrasound, including information on the uterus, prostate, stomach, large and small intestines. But if you need to study these particular organs, it is correct to use separate studies: ultrasound of the pelvic organs , gastroscopy and colonoscopy.
Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity is convenient precisely because it includes a large number of parenchymal (non-hollow, with the exception of the gallbladder) organs: liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, adrenal glands, lymph nodes of this zone). Thanks to the study, it is possible to determine the cause of the ailment with blurred symptoms: the doctor will be able to examine the entire abdominal cavity at once and determine the damaged organ.
Preparing for an abdominal ultrasound
Since during the study the doctor examines the organs of the digestive and excretory systems through ultrasound, preliminary preparation is required. It includes:
before the study, complete abstinence from food for 8 hours or more;
refraining from drinking water immediately before a visit to the doctor.
Preparation is needed to prevent gas formation and a collapsed gallbladder. You should not do an enema before an ultrasound, if there were no direct recommendations from the attending physician.
Diet before examination
For three to four days, exclude from your diet products that increase gas formation: black bread, dairy products, nuts and mushrooms, fresh vegetables and fruits, legumes, sauerkraut, coffee, alcohol, carbonated drinks. Try also to limit your intake of fatty meats and sweets.
The list is quite impressive, but you can also make an excellent menu from the allowed products. In addition, such a diet will only be needed for a couple of days. At this time, you can use:
- lean poultry and fish,
- baked apples without sugar,
- cereal porridge,
- a small number of eggs
- hard cheese with a low percentage of fat.
On the recommendation of a doctor, you can add drugs to the diet that improve digestion and reduce gas formation.
Also try not to overeat on preparation days: eat a little, but often, and at the same time drink plenty of fluids. Suitable water without gas, weak herbal tea, compotes without sugar.
What to do before the procedure
Food should be abandoned 8 hours before the ultrasound, and the last meal should not include meat and fish dishes. If there was a doctor’s instruction, then at the same time take activated charcoal in the usual dosage according to your weight.
Do not drink water, smoke or take medication immediately before the examination.
If you have recently had an endoscopy of the stomach or rectum, be sure to tell your doctor. Perhaps he will give you additional recommendations for preparation.
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What to bring for inspection
Put on things that are easy to take off or roll up: a loose T-shirt or shirt, pants without a tight belt. And take with you everything you need for the show:
previous ultrasound results so that the doctor can immediately assess the dynamics;
test results, if you have recently taken them;
a referral from the attending physician so that the ultrasound specialist knows which organ to pay attention to;
passport and policy.
How is an abdominal ultrasound performed?
Ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs is performed transabdominally, that is, through the walls of the abdomen. It is not necessary to undress for him, only to raise the edge of the clothes to the chest. For the patient lying on the couch, the doctor applies the gel to the abdomen, along which the sensor moves during the examination. Since it sometimes needs to be pressed for a better image, it is important that the patient fully relaxes the abdominal wall.
Depending on the organ being examined, your doctor may ask you to tighten your stomach, take a deep breath, or hold your breath. The kidneys are examined both from the side of the abdomen and from the back: for this you will need to roll over on your side. The procedure is absolutely painless, does not cause discomfort and takes no more than half an hour.
The conclusion about the performed ultrasound is issued immediately. If necessary, multiple frames can be printed from the machine at once. The examination document will indicate the size of the organs, their location, changes found and pathology.
Book an Abdominal Ultrasound
If signs of illness are found, the doctor will refer you to the right specialist: gastroenterologist, nephrologist, urologist or gynecologist. For preventive purposes, in order not to miss the development of pathology, doctors recommend an ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity once a year.