DenpaNews The HPV DNA test is an examination carried out to determine the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV), which is a virus that infects the genitals and is transmitted through sexual activity. What is the procedure and how much does an HPV DNA test cost? Come on, see the explanation!
What is the HPV DNA test?
The HPV DNA test is one of the women’s health screenings for early detection of cervical cancer in women.
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This examination is done to check the presence of DNA virus HPV ( human papillomavirus ).
HPV is a virus that can cause the development of genital warts , abnormal cervical cells, and cervical cancer.
Your doctor may recommend this test if:
- test results pap smear are abnormal,
- You are a person at risk for HPV infection, or
- You are 30 years and over.
Not only attacking women, the HPV virus can also infect men when having sex with women who have the virus.
Unfortunately, this test is only available for women. There is no test to detect the virus in men.
Although able to provide information whether you have an HPV infection . However, this test cannot show whether you have cancer or not.
Even so, if certain types of viruses are found, such as type 16 and type 18, your chances of getting cervical cancer tend to be greater.
What is the procedure for the HPV DNA test?
Launching the National Library of Medicine , HPV DNA examination can be done alone or in conjunction with a pap smear .
Preparation before undergoing the examination
In addition to finding out the cost of the HPV DNA test and the clinic or hospital that provides it, you also need to prepare yourself before undergoing the examination.
Actually there is no special preparation for this test. However, when it is done at the same time as a pap smear , you need to follow these rules so that both test results are accurate.
Avoid sexual intercourse, douching , using tampons, vaginal medications, spermicides, creams, or jellies for at least two days before the test.
Try not to schedule the test while you are on your period. Although this test can still be done, the samples obtained will be better if you are not menstruating.
Also, make sure you urinate first before entering the examination room.
The steps for carrying out the HPV DNA test
The combination HPV test and pap smear take only a few minutes and do not require anesthesia.
The doctor or health care provider will ask you to remove all clothes or just clothes from the waist down. A piece of cloth may be given to cover part of your body.
Then start the inspection process with the following steps.
- You lie on the examination table lifting your legs up and placing them on leg supports (stirrups).
- The health worker then inserts a special instrument called a speculum into your vagina and opens it slightly to see inside.
- You may feel cold, uncomfortable or a little painful when the speculum is inserted. Try to stay relaxed so the process goes smoothly.
- Next, the doctor will take a sample of cervical cells (lower part of the uterus) using a soft brush and a flat scraper called a spatula. It is not painful and you may not even feel it when the sample is taken.
- The collected samples are then stored in special containers and then sent to the laboratory for examination.
- After the test, you can carry out your normal activities. Ask the doctor when the test results come out and schedule the next consultation.
What are the results obtained from the HPV DNA test?
As explained earlier, this test cannot tell whether you have cancer or not.
However, if there are certain types of viruses, they can be suspected of leading to cancer.
Normal HPV DNA test results
If the test results are normal, it means that there are two possibilities:
- Negative HPV result: You do not have the HPV virus, or
- A positive low-risk HPV result: You don’t have a high-risk strain of the HPV virus.
If you get a positive result of low-risk HPV, you most likely don’t have cancer.
Abnormal HPV DNA test results
An abnormal result means you have a high-risk type of HPV.
This type of virus can cause cervical cancer as well as other types of cancer such as throat, tongue, anus, or vaginal cancer.
Usually, cervical cancer associated with HPV is caused by several types of viruses. Viruses that have the highest risk are HPV-16 and HPV-18 (high-risk types).
In addition to that type, there are several other types of viruses that are also at risk of cancer, such as HPV-31, HPV-33, HPV-35, HPV-45, HPV-52, and HPV-58.
Actually there are several other types of high-risk HPV but tend to be less common.
If the test results show you are at risk of cancer, the doctor will usually recommend further tests to detect cervical cancer.