DenpaNews Skin disease is one of the most common diseases suffered by many people, including in Indonesia. To help overcome these problems, a skin specialist or dermatologist is needed.
What is a dermatologist (dermatologist)?
A skin specialist (dermatologist) is a doctor who has expertise in treating and dealing with problems related to skin health. Dermatology is a branch of medicine that studies the skin, including hair and nails.
This Article Related Too : Getting to Know the Role of Pathology Specialists
A doctor can be said to be a dermatology specialist if he already has a SpKK (skin and genital specialist) degree. Prior to obtaining this degree, doctors must undergo specialist education in skin and genital health for about three and a half years or more.
Dermatologists not only master basic sciences such as micrology (the science of microorganisms), pathology (the science of how disease occurs), and physiology (the science of the continuity of life). They should also study other medical specialties. Because, skin diseases are often associated with internal conditions of the body or other diseases.
The area of expertise in dermatology is divided into several divisions, including:
- Allergic dermatology and immunology: focuses on skin problems associated with immune system disorders such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (eczema).
- Tumors and skin surgery: surgical treatment focused on patients with skin cancer or benign skin growths.
- Pediatric dermatology: focuses on treating skin conditions that affect infants, children, and adolescents such as skin infections, birthmarks, or red rashes.
- Geriatric Dermatologist: a specialist who treats skin problems in the elderly.
- Tropical dermatology: treats skin problems experienced by people living in the tropics such as tinea versicolor , ringworm, and scabies.
- Genodermatology: dealing with diseases that occur due to genetic factors.
- Cosmetic dermatology: dealing with aesthetic or beauty problems of the skin, including skin pigmentation problems, cellulite, or hair loss.
Treatments that can be obtained from a dermatologist
Dermatologists perform special diagnostic procedures related to skin conditions. The dermatologist will also perform various treatments on the patient including:
Giving medication for skin diseases, either topically, injected, or taken by mouth.
Skin disease therapy, treatment for various skin conditions through therapeutic methods such as ultraviolet light therapy using artificial UVA and UVB. It serves as a method of treating diseases such as psoriasis and eczema, excimer laser therapy to treat vitiligo and dermatitis, or blue light photodynamics to treat acne.
A range of dermatological surgeries, including surgeries such as Mohs surgery which is performed to treat skin cancer, cyrosurgery which involves freezing using extreme cold nitrogen, or surgery related to wound management.
Cosmetic procedures, performing procedures related to beauty and skin care such as chemical peels for dull skin, lasers for tightening the face, insertion of fillers, and botox.
Various Types of Vitamins for Healthy, Bright and Youthful Skin
This Article Related Too : Know the Duties of Endocrine Specialists, What Are?
How is the inspection process?
Generally, you can go to a dermatologist with a referral from a general practitioner, but you can also go to a skin and venereal disease polyclinic. During the examination, the doctor will ask you several questions regarding the characteristics of skin diseases or changes in the skin that you experienced first.
After that, the doctor will see the condition of your skin. For example, if a rash appears on the skin, the doctor will see how big and how the pattern looks, or if there are lumps that accompany it. Sometimes the doctor will take photos to make it easier to spot skin changes.
If there are signs of infection such as herpes, the doctor will ask you about the source of the infection and the possibility that you have infected other people. Meanwhile, if you have signs of allergies, the doctor will ask for possible triggers, from exposure to certain materials or foods.
If additional inspection is required, several procedures will be performed. Some of them are biopsy by taking a skin sample to see the cause of skin disease . Then, there is a culture test by identifying microorganisms such as bacteria or fungi that cause infection.
During a skin cancer screening, all skin on your body should be examined, including the mucosal lining in your mouth, scalp, nails, skin folds, and genital area.
When diagnosing the disease, the doctor also considers the factors that can trigger the condition. Such as exposure to hazardous substances in the workplace, smoking habits, sexual behavior, and other medications being taken. It’s also a chronic condition you have (such as diabetes), or a family history.
Things to prepare before going to a dermatologist
Before deciding to go to a dermatologist, you must make sure that the doctor you choose is competent or has a trusted certification. This is also very important to do even though the goal is only for skin beauty care.
Then if you want to use insurance, make sure that the doctor you want to go to is affiliated with your insurance. Also know if insurance covers all treatments or only certain types. Usually, cosmetic procedures will not be covered by insurance. Next, you can spare some time and schedule an appointment with your doctor.
If your goal is to consult about the condition of your skin, remember a few things you want to tell your doctor or if you have any questions. For convenience, you can write it down on a note.
Some examinations require you to bring several documents such as the results of previous examinations or the results of blood lab tests. Prepare these documents a few days before going to the doctor so you can make sure there are no documents left behind.
You can find around you dermatologist for skin infection…..