DenpaNews pain Muscle or myalgia can be caused by injury to the muscles, performing excessive and repetitive extreme movements, or diseases related to musculoskeletal disorders. In order not to drag on until it interferes with daily life, it never hurts to try taking muscle pain relievers. What are the options?
Choice of drugs to relieve muscle pain
Muscle pain usually affects only a limited area of the body. The pain that is felt starts from being mild and is only felt after doing certain activities.
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However, when the pain becomes unbearable, there are several options for muscle pain relievers that you need to know and can use, such as the following:
Paracetamol, or it can also be called acetaminophen, is a pain reliever and fever reducer that can be used to relieve muscle pain.
Even so, if you want to use pain relievers to treat muscle aches and pains, pay attention to the dose that must be consumed. Usually, this drug is taken by a maximum of 4000 milligrams (mg) by adults, and should not be taken more than 1000 mg in 4 hours.
Ibuprofen is an anti-inflammatory drug, but it can also be used to relieve fever and aches or pains, such as muscle aches. One of the causes of muscle pain is injury, and ibuprofen is commonly used as a pain reliever medication for the muscles that occur due to this condition. \\
Even so, this drug should be used with caution and is not recommended for long-term consumption. In addition, the use of this drug must be consulted with a doctor first. This is because, not everyone can take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as Ibuprofen.
3. COX-2 inhibitor
COX-2 inhibitors are a type of NSAID drug that can help relieve pain and inflammation by inhibiting an enzyme known as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). A study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine in Science & Sport states that this drug can reduce muscle pain.
Even so, these muscle pain relievers are said to only relieve pain without affecting muscle function that is weakened by strenuous exercise activities.
You may be able to use corticosteroids as pain relievers for muscle pain. However, corticosteroids should be taken for a short time, and of course only on a doctor’s prescription.
This drug requires strict use of the drug and is supervised by a doctor because the risk of side effects can include weight gain, stomach pain, headaches changes in mood, and difficulty sleeping.
Indiscriminate use of corticosteroids can also weaken your immune system and thin bones. That’s why corticosteroids should not be used as long-term muscle pain relievers.
5. Muscle relaxants
Muscle relaxants are usually used in combination with other drugs to relieve muscle pain associated with tense muscles, stiff muscles, and muscle spasms. These muscle relaxants work by instructing the brain to relax the problematic muscles, especially in the back of the body such as the back.
This type of drug that can be used as a muscle relaxant is usually given to treat muscle aches or pains that are acute, not chronic. This drug can also be your choice if the pain you feel makes it difficult to sleep.
Opioids are usually used to relieve muscle pain at a fairly severe level. This drug is used when the muscle pain felt can not be overcome with other drugs.
However, considering that this drug belongs to the narcotics class, its use requires a prescription from a doctor and close monitoring regularly. Some examples of opioid drugs include:
Antidepressants are usually used to treat depression or other psychiatric disorders. However, this drug can also be used as a muscle pain reliever.
Keep in mind, antidepressants work by changing the levels of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain to relieve pain and create feelings of calm.
People with chronic pain conditions that don’t respond to other medications can use these muscle pain relievers to control pain. Tricyclic antidepressants, for example, are sometimes prescribed to treat muscle pain due to myofascial pain syndrome, fibromyalgia, or chronic fatigue syndrome.
Natural ingredients as an alternative to muscle pain relievers
In addition to chemical drugs prescribed by a doctor, you can also use natural ingredients as drugs that can help relieve pain. Some of them are:
This natural ingredient can also be used as a traditional medicine for muscle pain relief. This is because chamomile contains anti-inflammatory flavonoids, so they can cure inflammation which can also be the cause of muscle pain.
You can use it by brewing dried Chamomile flowers and making a drink like tea. However, you can also apply essential oil from Chamomile flowers directly on the muscle area that feels stiff to relax faster.
Similar to Chamomile, Peppermint leaves can also be used as a natural remedy to relieve muscle pain. This oil can help relax stiff muscles. Therefore, you can use it by applying essential oil from Peppermint on the area where the muscles feel cramped, tense, or feel tight.
Using Peppermint oil can give a cooling effect because of the menthol content in it. In addition, this oil will also relieve pain and relax muscles.
3. Foods rich in vitamin D
In addition to using essential oils as natural muscle pain relievers, you can also increase your intake of vitamin D to relieve muscle pain. You can get vitamin D intake from sunlight in the morning and also certain foods.
Vitamin D can be found in the following types of foods:
- Fortified milk.
Curcumin is one of the active compounds found in turmeric, cinnamon, and ginger. This compound has anti-inflammatory properties, so it can reduce signs of inflammation in the muscles after strenuous exercise.
In addition, this natural ingredient, which is said to be a muscle pain reliever, is also able to relax tight muscles and return them to their original state.
Other options for dealing with muscle pain
In addition to maintaining muscle health and taking pain relievers, either natural or prescribed by a doctor, there are several ways you can deal with pain. Anything, huh?
1. Cold or warm compress
If you don’t want to take muscle pain relievers, you can use cold compresses to treat muscle pain caused by an injury. This method can reduce swelling and reduce pain and inflammation that occurs in your injured or injured muscles.
However, do not immediately compress the injured muscle with ice cubes. Better, wrap the ice cubes with a towel so that the skin does not get irritated. Enough to be applied for 15-20 minutes on the body that hurts. If you want to repeat, give a pause before compressing again.
If the muscle pain you feel has been going on for a long time, you can use a warm compress to relax tense muscles.
2. Exercise regularly
You may think that when you are experiencing muscle pain, physical activity such as exercising should be stopped first. However, it is not the right way to deal with muscle pain.
In addition to using muscle pain relievers, you should still exercise regularly to reduce pain. This is because exercise requires all parts of the body to move, which in turn can help maintain muscle strength and joint flexibility.
With strong muscles and flexible joints, it will certainly make it easier for you to carry out various activities, and reduce the risk of injury that causes muscle pain.
3. Find a comfortable position
A comfortable position is also one way that can help you reduce muscle pain. Avoid standing, sitting, or lying positions that make muscle pain worse. Do not force yourself if certain positions feel uncomfortable in the sore muscles.
In addition, always practice good posture at all times to maintain muscle health and avoid pain and various other muscle problems. The reason is, the habit of practicing bad posture triggers muscle pain. you can eat a healthy diet menu
4. Do some stretching
In addition to taking muscle pain relievers, both herbal and chemical, you can also stretch to reduce muscle pain. One of the stretching activities that can be done is yoga.
This exercise can help you stretch and strengthen your muscles. If done properly, this sport can also help prevent injury.
But make sure you don’t overdo it, as it can make muscle aches and pains worse. Try to do this exercise regularly at least once a week so that the muscles continue to train.
Keeping your body moving will also keep your skeletal muscles circulating, which will help with muscle breakdown. If these methods don’t work, you should immediately consult a doctor.
5. Get enough rest
Although it is recommended to stay active, it doesn’t mean you have to force your body. Adequate rest is still important to help you recover from muscle soreness. Whether or not you have taken muscle pain relievers, you should get enough rest.
Avoid excessive physical activity or exercise. Make sure the physical activity you are doing is still within reasonable limits and does not exacerbate muscle aches or pains. The reason is, an exercise that is too strenuous may make muscles weak or various other muscle problems.
If you like massages, this might be the right choice to help with muscle soreness. However, it is more effective if you have a massage by a therapist who is experienced in dealing with muscle pain.
With the right massage, the tense muscles will relax, so that the aches and pains in the muscles subside. Massage is also thought to be able to help overcome bone pain. After a massage, you will usually feel more relaxed in your muscles, especially after getting regular massages.
After the massage, you should rest first until the body is refreshed and the tight muscles no longer bother you. That way, you will be able to move faster as usual without aches and pains in the muscles.