DenpaNews Do cold drinks make your teeth tingle or do you like to grimace when you brush your teeth in the morning? If so, you have the type of sensitive teeth that can cause pain. You should know in advance what causes a bothersome or annoying toothache or sensitivity.
Various causes of toothache
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Teeth become sensitive when a layer of the tooth called dentin is exposed to the outside of the tooth, for example, due to enamel breakdown. Enamel is a protective covering on the outermost layer of the tooth.
Dentin is connected to canals that contain nerve fibers. So, when the dentin is exposed to cold, heat, or food, the nerve fibers are automatically exposed and make teeth ache.
Several things can cause teeth to become more sensitive or feel sore. You can avoid it so that the pain doesn’t recur or get worse :
1. Not being careful when brushing your teeth
When brushing your teeth, you have to pay attention to several things so as not to trigger damage to tooth enamel. Brushing too hard and too much pressure is the wrong way to brush your teeth and can cause toothache.
The factor of choosing a toothbrush can also be a trigger for sensitive teeth. Using a brush that is rough and hard can make your gums hurt and your teeth hurt.
Brushing your teeth too hard with coarse bristles will gradually cause the erosion of the tooth layer. As a result, the teeth become sore and sensitive. The simplest solution is to switch to a toothbrush with softer bristles and brush your teeth more slowly.
2. Food consumed
Maybe you don’t realize which foods and drinks can make your teeth ache. Therefore, it’s a good idea to start paying more attention to what foods can at any time trigger the appearance of a toothache.
Foods and drinks that trigger toothache are especially those that are too acidic, hot, or cold. Here are some types of foods and drinks that cause toothache :
• Ice. Not only is the temperature of the ice cubes very cold, but the hard texture of the ice cubes can also damage the coating on the teeth, causing a toothache.
• candies that stick to the teeth can stimulate the nerves in the dentin (the inner layer of the teeth) and the tooth can hurt even more.
• Sour fruits. According to the Academy of General Dentistry, an organization of professional dentists, acidic fruits can trigger toothache because the acidity of these fruits can wear down tooth enamel.
• Drinks and warm foods such as tea and coffee are also often the cause of toothache.
• Soda has two main ingredients that can stimulate pain in the nerves of the teeth, namely sugar and acid, so it’s not surprising that soda is very easy to make teeth ache.
Exposure to the temperature of the drink or food you consume can directly affect the exposed dentist. Drinks and foods that are too cold, too hot, or too acidic can also cause erosion of the lining of the teeth ( tooth erosion ). This is what makes teeth feel sore.
The habit of eating hot food and then drinking cold or vice versa is also one of the bad habits that cause toothache due to erosion.
If your neural pathways are exposed to acidic foods such as tomato sauce, lemons, kiwis, and pickles, you may also experience toothache. Reducing food or drink like that can help you to avoid toothache.
3. Use whitening toothpaste
You may use toothpaste that contains chemicals to whiten your teeth. These chemicals are sometimes too harsh so that they can damage the surface of the teeth and lead to toothache and sensitivity.
If your toothpaste contains whitening agents, consider changing the product immediately. For example, by using regular toothpaste or a special one for sensitive teeth.
4. The hobby of gargling with medicine
Like whitening toothpaste, some mouthwashes contain alcohol and other chemicals that can make your teeth more sensitive to stimuli. Especially if your dentin area is exposed.
Because the dentin is connected directly to the nerve center in the tooth. So if not protected, the nerve center will be vulnerable to pain.
Instead, try flossing your teeth to remove food debris that is stuck between your teeth and cannot be reached by a toothbrush.
Not only that, if you are used to using mouthwash, try choosing another type of mouthwash. For example, a mouthwash that does not contain alcohol and a mouthwash that contains fluoride for sensitive teeth.
5. Gum disease
As you age (especially if you don’t take care of your teeth), you can develop a variety of gum diseases. Gum disease can cause sensitivity to the teeth so that the teeth feel sore.
If gum disease is the problem, your dentist will offer appropriate treatment to treat the underlying disease.
Problems with the gums can also cause sensitive teeth, such as gingivitis ( gingivitis ) or gum infection ( periodontitis ). So, make it a habit to regularly check with your dentist.
6. Excessive plaque buildup
The purpose of using dental floss and toothbrush is to remove plaque that builds up after you eat. Plaque buildup can cause tooth enamel to wear away.
Therefore, this can also be one of the causes of toothache or sensitivity because it loses the protection provided by enamel.
The solution is to have good daily dental care and visit your dentist for a cleaning at least every six months.
7. Tooth decay and decay
Cavities can cause excruciating pain, more than just tooth sensitivity. Your dentist will need to examine your teeth and determine the appropriate treatment, such as fillings.
As we age, the patch can weaken, break, or leak around the edges. This can make it easier for bacteria to accumulate in these small gaps. Eventually, the acid buildup is formed which causes tooth enamel to break down.
8. There is a broken tooth
Have you ever experienced a tooth that suddenly broke from biting something hard enough? Not only that but this condition can also be caused by an injury or not being able to withstand the load when biting.
Be careful because a cracked or broken tooth can cause your teeth to ache. If left alone it can cause excessive pain. Immediately see a doctor for further treatment.
9. Effects after performing medical procedures
Do you feel pain in your teeth after certain procedures at the dentist? Do not panic just yet because this condition is common.
Usually, root canal procedures, extractions, or placing a crown can also cause tooth pain.
However, if the pain does not go away after a few hours or even a day, you should call your doctor again. This needs to be done to avoid infection after the procedure has been done.
10. Doing the bleaching process
Toothpaste with whitening content can make teeth more sensitive. Likewise when you do treatments such as teeth whitening which can also cause teeth to ache.
This is because the chemical content of stain removers is hard enough to erode the enamel.
A 2018 study published in the Journal of the American Dental Association found that applying a desensitizing gel before bleaching was claimed to reduce post-treatment pain.