Home Health Information Know the Duties of Endocrine Specialists and What Endocrine connections?

Know the Duties of Endocrine Specialists and What Endocrine connections?

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DenpaNews The endocrine system is a system in the body that produces hormones from eight glands , including the thyroid, adrenals, and pancreas. These hormones affect human metabolism, mood and sexual function. This system runs the risk of a number of problems. If this happens, then an endocrinologist will handle it.

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What is an endocrinologist?

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An endocrinologist is a doctor whose job is to diagnose and treat hormone-related diseases .

Becoming an expert in endocrinology requires an in-depth knowledge of hormones and the conditions that can affect them. Because of that, they must first take an internal medicine specialist education, then continue their education in an endocrine subspecialist.

General practitioners also have the skills necessary to diagnose and treat basic hormonal conditions, but in some complex cases specialist care is required.

The scope of endocrinology is very broad, considering that the endocrine system affects every part of the human body. Some conditions that are usually treated by an endocrinologist are:

  • diabetes ,
  • endocrine cancer,
  • growth disorders,
  • excess and deficiency of hormone production,
  • infertility,
  • menopause,
  • hirsutism (excess hair growth in women),
  • metabolic disorders, and
  • thyroid disease.

Sometimes, help from an endocrinologist is also needed to treat common problems that extend beyond the endocrine system, such as:

  • hypertension,
  • high cholesterol,
  • obesity or overweight, and
  • osteoporosis.

How does the examination process with an endocrinologist take place?
During the examination, the endocrinologist will perform a physical examination first. This action is done to find out if there are physical symptoms such as touching the thyroid or seeing if there is swelling in the legs.

Your doctor will check your vital signs, including your heart rate and the condition of your lungs when you breathe, measure your blood pressure and pulse.

The doctor will also ask questions about your symptoms and medical history. After that, the doctor can perform further tests such as blood tests to determine the levels of hormones and cholesterol in the blood.

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If the examination reveals a disturbance in the endocrine system, a specialist will provide treatment according to your condition.

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What procedures do endocrinologists perform?

Treatments that can be done by doctors are very diverse. Most endocrine disorders are treated with medications such as hormone replacement therapy using oral or injected medications.

Some of the medications may include growth hormone therapy to treat growth disorders in children, testosterone therapy for people with low testosterone, and insulin to help normalize blood sugar in people with diabetes.

However, there are times when doctors also have to perform medical procedures such as surgery or others. Here are some medical procedures that can be given by an endocrinologist:

Adrenalectomy: surgery to remove the adrenal glands in cancer or Cushing’s disease.
Gamma ray radiation surgery: surgery to destroy tumors in the brain using radiation beams.
Thyroidectomy: surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland in thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, and hyperthyroidism.
Radioiodine ablation: a procedure to destroy residual tissue after undergoing a thyroidectomy using radioactive iodine.When should you see an endocrinologist?

Symptoms of diseases that attack the endocrine system often appear in the form of non-specific symptoms. Most of the symptoms of endocrine disorders are similar to the symptoms of many other diseases. These symptoms include:

  • unusual fatigue,
  • changes in body weight either up or down for no reason,
  • feeling anxious or depressed,
  • muscle weakness,
  • feeling cold or hot,
  • hard to concentrate,
  • dry skin,
  • broken hair,
  • bone or joint pain,
  • hard to sleep,
  • easily agitated, and
  • decreased sex drive.

You need to know, some people who have endocrine diseases do not feel any symptoms. Symptoms may develop slowly over time.

Therefore, patients usually only go to an endocrinologist if they get a referral from a general practitioner or a doctor who usually treats the patient’s condition.

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It is different if the problem experienced is a growth disorder in children or adolescents. You can immediately check this condition with a pediatric endocrinologist.

But regardless of the doctor you go to, the best step you can take is to get your condition checked if you start to feel symptoms.

A visit to an endocrinologist may also be ordered if your endocrine disorder does not improve despite treatment from a previous doctor, if you experience complications, or if previous treatment has reduced effectiveness.

Sometimes, there are hormonal disorders that cannot be cured, so the patient has to undergo the treatment process with an endocrinologist for a long time.

If you come as a referral, prepare all the things needed during the examination. This includes the results of any laboratory tests or scans relevant to your condition.

To facilitate the course of the examination, also prepare notes about the symptoms you have experienced.

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